[案例] 沃尔沃/ Volvo EDI – DELFOR 分析

交付计划是采购方到供应商之间的一条很重要的消息,其中给出了有关短期交付说明的详细信息或出于计划目的的中长期产品/服务预测的产品要求。以下Volvo均指Volvo Cars。

交货计划(长期)

Volvo 的交付计划是按月下发的。交货预测包括最长60周的预测信息,包括:

  • Volvo 的工厂信息;
  • 供应商信息;
  • 预测编号和预测生成日期;
  • 零件编号以及描述;
  • 累计接收数量,累计开始日期和累计截止日期;
  • 零件的数量;
  • 零件交货日期。

在长期计划中,新的交货计划将替换所有以前的交货计划,所以交货计划的更新和Volvo的变更频率相关。

短期计划

Volvo 的短期计划包括在指定范围内的预测信息:

  • Volvo 的工厂信息;
  • 供应商信息;
  • 预测编号和预测生成日期;
  • 零件编号以及描述;
  • 累计接收数量,累计开始日期和累计截止日期;
  • 零件的数量;
  • 零件交货日期。

相比长期计划,短期计划会针对短期计划标题部分中指定的日期更新现有交货计划。 短期计划始终是在先前发布的交付计划中的时间间隔内替换先前计划中的内容。

需要注意的是,交货计划(长期)和短期计划可以在没有相对顺序的情况下在同一天发送给供应商,但是短期计划总是包含最新信息和有效信息。 本次Volvo 项目中使用的是长期交货计划。

Volvo发送的长期计划是EDIFACT 标准的DELFOR报文,在文件名称中无法识别工厂和供应商,需要在报文中获取。除了在报文的客户信息部分可以找到工厂编号和供应商编号外,在EDIFACT的报文头部 UNB也可以找到工厂编号和供应商编号,示例如下:

以上报文结构要求在DESADV(发货通知)中的返回,具体字段将在DESADV中解释。

EDIFACT 报文对于不熟悉EDI的人来说可读性较低,大多数客户对于收到的报文不知道如何处理。为此知行软件EDI系统提供了这样一种的解决方案,即自定义XML方案:将收到的EDIFACT报文中的数据利用XML Map 端口转换成客户自定义的XML格式的文件。我们将长期计划中的数据按照客户自定义XML的结构保存,包括采预测编号和预测生成日期,零件的信息等。 文件示例如下:

自定义的XML 文件一般是和中间数据库或者和业务系统集成的中间文件格式,辅助知行EDI系统自带的各种业务系统集成端口,效率提升极高。 如果示例XML文件内容或者格式不满足您当前需求,您可以制作属于自己的模板,制作步骤可参考XML Map 端口使用指南:可查看EDI & XML 格式转换,或者联系我们为您量身定制。

更多Volvo文章

了解更多EDI相关讯息,请您电话 150-0298-3180 / 177-8250-8152 或邮件 edi@kasoftware.cn 联系我们,获取 30 天全功能 免费试用 版本EDI软件。
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