[案例] 如何读懂德州仪器/TI直供业务EDI项目中的860报文?

860是ANSI X12国际标准报文规范下采购订单变更(Purchase Order Change Request)的报文类型代码,德州仪器直供业务PO模式下报文类型还包含850(采购订单,Purchase Order)、855(采购订单响应,Purchase Order Acknowledgment)、865(采购订单变更响应,Purchase Order Change Acknowledgment)、856(发货通知,Ship Notice)及810(发票,Invoice),共6种业务单据。本节主要从业务应用角度出发,一起来看看德州仪器/TI直供业务EDI项目中的860(采购订单变更,Purchase Order Change Request)报文。

在实际业务中,常常会出现采购商订单下单错误或是供应商不满足供货条件等情况,传统业务模式中,采购商和供应商通常会采用电话、邮件等方式进行沟通,对所需要进行调整的情况进行协商并达成一致的解决方案。类似的情况在德州仪器/TI直供业务中,是如何使用EDI实现的呢?

在德州仪器/TI直供业务中,采购订单变更是使用860报文来实现的,主要分为两种情况。

1.直采客户主动变更已发出的850(采购订单)

  • 请求交付日期延后
  • 订购数量减少
  • 取消订单

对于以上3种变更情况(COW Violation),需要在物料窗口期内进行变更,窗口期分为30天、90天以及NCNR(Either Reject or Approval request,不取消且不推迟)三种情况。NCNR之外的情况,一旦超出窗口期就不能对采购订单进行变更,这里直采客户需要着重注意。

  • 订购价格变更

如直采客户发起订购价格变更,需要与德州仪器/TI进行确认,随后德州仪器/TI会根据确认情况返回865(采购订单变更响应)至直采客户。

  • 请求交付日期提前

对于直采客户要求物料交付日期提前的情况,德州仪器/TI会经由业务系统进行处理,并根据实际情况向直采客户返回865(采购订单变更响应),已告知对直采客户发起的860(采购订单变更)的接受情况。

2.直采客户结合德州仪器/TI返回的855(采购订单响应)作出变更

  • 德州仪器/TI修改或删除采购订单

对于德州仪器/TI修改或删除直采客户采购订单的业务情况,已在如何读懂德州仪器/TI直供业务EDI项目中的855报文?一文中作出详细介绍。以上情况,直采客户看根据收到的855(采购订单响应),并结合业务情况,可使用860(采购订单变更)对已发出的采购订单作出变更。

此外,关于采购订单变更还有几点需要注意:

  • 订购数量增加,直采客户需要下达新的采购订单
  • 部分交货物料的采购数量发生变更,需要在原始采购订单/项目下报告变更后的全部数量
  • 对于被德州仪器/TI拒绝的采购订单变更中的COW Violation情况,需确保没有接收和支付问题。如有任何问题,需要预先与德州仪器/TI保持一致。
  • 若直采客户已收到德州仪器/TI发送的856(发货通知),则不允许对采购订单进行变更
  • 不允许对物料或计划行对请求交付日期拆分

以上介绍,对860(采购订单变更)的业务含义已经有了初步了解。那业务往来860报文中,都包含哪些业务值呢?

以上是一个860示例报文,非EDI专业人员很难快速了解到其中包含的业务值。参照860规范文档(Standard/Guideline),知行EDI顾问已经对规范进行了梳理,并列出了发货通知中包含的所有业务字段,其中包含:

采购订单变更头

  • 采购订单变更类型(Purchase Order Change Request type)
  • 订单编号(Purchase Order Number)
  • 采购订单变更编号(Change Order Sequence Number)
  • 采购订单日期(Purchase Order Date)
  • 直采客户联系人(Buyer Name)
  • 直采客户联系人电话(Buyer Telephone)
  • 采购商名称(Buying Party Name)
  • 采购商编号(Buying Party code)
  • 收货方名称(Ship To Name)
  • 收货方编号(Ship To code)

采购订单明细行

  • 采购订单行号(Purchase Order Line Number)
  • 变更/响应类型代码(Change or Response Type Code)
  • 订购数量(Quantity Ordered)
  • 数量单位(Measure Unit)
  • 单价(Unit Price)
  • 直采客户物料编号(Customer Part Number)
  • 供应商物料编号(Vendor’s Part Number)
  • 计划数量(Scheduled Quantity)
  • 请求交付日期(Requested Delivery Date)

到这里,大家应该对860报文在业务中的作用以及包含的业务值已经比较清楚了。了解更多德州仪器/TI直供业务EDI项目业务及技术细节,欢迎您来电咨询或是关注知行软件公众号(微信号:kasoftware)。如果您对于EDI技术实现856报文解析比较感兴趣,可以参考从EDI技术角度实现德州仪器/TI直供业务EDI项目860报文处理一文,从EDI技术实现角度出发,依照856报文在EDI系统中的解析流程进行详细的介绍。

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