[案例] 如何读懂德州仪器/TI直供业务EDI项目中的856报文?

856是ANSI X12国际标准报文规范下发货通知(Ship Notice)的报文类型代码,德州仪器直供业务PO模式下报文类型还包含850(采购订单,Purchase Order)、855(采购订单响应,Purchase Order Acknowledgment)、860(采购订单变更,Purchase Order Change Request)、865(采购订单变更响应,Purchase Order Change Acknowledgment)及810(发票,Invoice),共6种业务单据。本节主要从业务应用角度出发,一起来看看德州仪器/TI直供业务EDI项目中的856(发货通知,Ship Notice)报文。

856表示发货通知,常常也称之为ASN。实际业务中,对于每一次发货,发货方(本文中简单理解为供应商,即德州仪器/TI,实际业务中更为复杂,存在仓库或物流等。) 会在发货前1个工作日内将发货通知送达收货方(本文中简单理解为采购商,即直采客户,实际业务中更为复杂,存在仓库或物流等。),以通知收货方提前做好收货准备。

通常,一个发货通知仅包含一个订单中一种物料的发货信息,反之,对于同一订单中的不同物料,可以拆分为多个发货通知。实际发货中,最小包装为BOX,其中仅包含一种物料,不存在混装情况。

业务含义已经有了初步了解,那业务往来中,直采客户发给德州仪器/TI的856报文中,都包含哪些业务值呢?

以上是一个856示例报文,非EDI专业人员很难快速了解到其中包含的业务值。参照856规范文档(Standard/Guideline),知行EDI顾问已经对规范进行了梳理,并列出了发货通知中包含的所有业务字段,其中包含:

  • 提单编号(Bill of Lading Number)
  • 发货通知日期(Date Ship Notice is Sent)
  • 发货通知时间(Time Ship Notice is Sent)
  • 装运日期(Shipped Date)
  • 装运时间(Shipped Time)
  • 预计交货日期(Estimated Delivery Date)
  • 预计交货时间(Estimated Delivery Time)
  • 毛重(Gross Weight)
  • 包装类型(Packaging Code)
  • 包装数量(Number of Packages)
  • SCAC代码(Carrier’s SCAC Code)
  • 运输方式(Transportation Method Mode)
  • 承运商名称(Carrier Name)
  • 承运商编号(Carrier’s Reference Number)
  • 合同编号(Government Contract Number)
  • 收货方名称(Ship To Name)
  • 收货方编号(Ship To code)
  • 发货方名称(Ship From Name)
  • 发货方编号(Ship From code)
  • 物料行号(Line item identifying number)
  • 直采客户物料号(Customer Part Number)
  • 德州仪器/TI物料号(TI Part Number)
  • 装运数量(Number of Units Shipped)
  • 装运日期(Number of Units Shipped to Date)
  • 订单编号(Purchase Order Number)
  • 订单日期(Purchase Order Date)
  • 包装清单编号(Pack List Number)
  • 箱数(Number of Containers)
  • 每箱装物料数(Number of Units per Container)
  • 包装方式(Packaging Code)
  • 包装编号/箱号(Bar-Coded Serial Number)
  • 批号(Lot Number)
  • 包装清单编号(Pack List Number)

到这里,大家应该对856报文在业务中的作用以及包含的业务值已经比较清楚了。了解更多德州仪器/TI直供业务EDI项目业务及技术细节,欢迎您来电咨询或是关注知行软件公众号(微信号:kasoftware)。如果您对于EDI技术实现856报文解析比较感兴趣,可以参考从EDI技术角度实现德州仪器/TI直供业务EDI项目856报文处理一文,从EDI技术实现角度出发,依照856报文在EDI系统中的解析流程进行详细的介绍。

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了解更多EDI讯息,请您电话 150-0298-3180 / 177-8250-8152 或邮件 edi@kasoftware.cn 联系我们,获取 30 天全功能 免费试用 版本EDI软件。
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