[案例] 如何读懂德州仪器/TI直供业务EDI项目中的ORDCHG报文?

德州仪器/TI取消代理商,采用直供模式,整合电子元器件分销平台,提升增值服务,加强公司与上下游企业的合作,巩固在国内电子元器件的领先地位。优化供应链直供模式的实施方案中,德州仪器/TI的信息化技术部门采用了EDI(电子数据交换)的技术。

EDI (Electronic Data Interchange),即电子数据交换,旨在实现两个企业之间业务系统数据的交换。比如,一家公司可以通过电子数据交换平台,向另一家公司发送订单、查询库存、通知发货等信息。帮助企业整合供应链、降低库存、实现精益生产。

德州仪器/TI通过EDI电子数据交换平台,自动化传输的业务数据,包括采购订单(ORDERS),采购订单响应(ORDRSP),采购订单变更(ORDCHG),采购订单变更响应(ORDRSP),发货通知(DESADV),发票(INVOIC)。本文主要站在业务角度上,围绕采购订单变更(ORDCHG)加以说明。

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德州仪器/TI直供业务整体解决方案

ORDCHG,全称Purchase Order Change Request,译名采购订单变更请求。它是EDI 国际标准采购订单变更业务的类型代码。在供应链中,它是卖方向买方发出的采购订货变更凭据。在德州仪器/TI实际业务中,是由直采客户向德州仪器/TI发送采购订单变更请求(ORDCHG)。直采客户先在内部ERP系统基于原始采购订单,创建订单变更请求,然后通过知行EDI系统生成EDIFACT ORDCHG(采购订单变更请求)报文发给德州仪器/TI。

遇到以下几种情况,可创建ORDCHG(采购订单变更请求):

  • QTY Reduce 减少订单数量
  • Cancellation 取消订单
  • Price Change 变更价格,如果原始订单价格不对,德州仪器/TI和直采客户先通过邮件沟通,确认正确的价格,价格的修改有两种实现方式,一是直采客户发起订单变更请求进行价格修改;二是德州仪器/TI通过ORDRSP采购订单响应进行价格变更。

在创建ORDCHG(采购订单变更请求)时,有以下几种情况需要注意:

  • 若出现新增订单数量的情况,不能创建采购订单变更请求,需要创建新订单
  • 对于收到ASN(发货通知)的商品,不能创建采购订单变更请求

接着,我们来看创建采购订单变更请求时,需要提供哪些业务数据?

  • 订单变更编号
  • 订单变更日期
  • 原订单编号
  • 合同编号
  • 直采客户的信息,如身份标识ID,名称以及联系人信息
  • 德州仪器/TI的信息,如身份标识ID
  • 货币类型
  • 变更状态
  • 直采客户的物料编号
  • 德州仪器/TI的物料编号
  • 原订单明细行号
  • 物料价格
  • 价格单位
  • 订购总数量
  • 之前订单行明细数量
  • 变更后订单数量
  • 请求交货日期

以上业务数据的提交,需要业务员在公司内部业务系统操作,数据录入结束后,业务系统可将提交的数据生成为如下XML格式,这样通过知行EDI系统,便可将以下XML格式生成为EDIFACT ORDCHG文件,详细查看如何从EDI技术角度生成德州仪器/TI直供业务EDI项目ORDCHG报文

了解更多EDI,请电话 15002983180 / 17782508152 或邮件 edi@kasoftware.cn 联系我们,获取 30 天全功能 免费试用 EDI软件。
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