[案例] Tesla X12 850 采购订单报文详解

近期,对于已经上线EDI系统的供应商,特斯拉又增加了EDI需求,除了830(长期交付预测),862(短期交付计划),856(提前发货通知),810(发票)和824(错误反馈通知)报文之外,特斯拉要求供应商增加850(采购订单)报文。

扩展阅读: 深入分析Tesla EDI项目需求及方案

850是符合国际ANSI X12标准的EDI报文,表示采购订单业务。说到850,大家可能不太熟悉,但是对于采购订单,相信大家应该都有所了解,在日常生活中买东西的过程,就是采购的过程,我们在超市购物,最终拿到的小票,就是一张采购单,但是,这里的小票和采购订单还是有所不同的,小票是我们拿到货之后得到的一张单据,表明我们购买了哪些东西,但对于采购订单而言,重点在于订单,也就是暂未拿到货,但是采购方先告诉供应商要订哪些货物,要求供应商在指定的时间交付给采购方。

在采购订单中,一般包含三层结构,订单头部数据-物料明细数据-交付计划明细数据。

其中,订单头部包含以下业务数据:

  • Purchase Order Type Code,订单类型编码
  • Purchase Order Number,采购订单编号
  • Release Number,订单版本号
  • Date,订单创建日期
  • Currency Code,采购方货币代码
  • Terms Net Due Date,发票到期日期
  • Terms Net Days,到期天数
  • Description,条款描述
  • Total PO Amount,订单总金额
  • Billing Type,计费类型
  • Bill-to-Party Name,账单寄送方名称
  • Bill-to-Party Address,账单寄送方地址
  • Bill-to-Party City Name,账单寄送方城市
  • Bill-to-Party State or Province Code,账单寄送方省份
  • Bill-to-Party Postal Code,账单寄送方邮政编码
  • Bill-to-Party Country Code,账单寄送方国家编码
  • Ship From Party Name,发货方名称
  • Ship From Party Address,发货方地址
  • Ship From Party City Name,发货方城市
  • Ship From Party State or Province Code,发货方省份
  • Ship From Party Postal Code,发货方邮政编码
  • Ship From Party Country Code,发货方国家编码
  • Ship To Party Name,收货方名称
  • Ship To Party Address,收货方地址
  • Ship To Party City Name,收货方城市
  • Ship To Party State or Province Code,收货方省份
  • Ship To Party Postal Code,收货方邮政编码
  • Ship To Party Country Code,收货方国家编码

其中,对于采购订单编码,包含以下两种类型:
- NE,New Order,表示新采购订单
- CP,Change to Purchase Order,表示采购订单变更

一般情况下,有一种专门的业务报文来表示采购订单变更,就是855。但是在特斯拉的项目需求中,特斯拉的原始采购订单和采购订单变更都会通过850采购订单报文来发送,业务员需要注意采购订单编码,来确认订单类型,以便进行后续的业务处理。

物料明细包括以下业务数据:

  • PO Line No,订单行号
  • Quantity Ordered,订单数量
  • Unit or Basis for Measurement Code,数量单位
  • Buyer’s Part Number,采购方产品编码,也就是特斯拉产品编码
  • Product/Item Description,产品描述
  • Tax Type Code,税务类型编码
  • Monetary amount,交税金额
  • Percent,税率

交付计划明细数据包含以下内容:
- Quantity,交付数量
- Unit or Basis for Measurement Code,数量单位
- Shipped Date,要求发货日期
- Shipped Time,要求发货时间

报文解读

以上报文片段中,我们可以看到,PO1是代表物料的节点,PO1可以出现多次,也就是一个订单中会包含多个物料,每个PO1下面会有多个SCH节点,SCH节点表示交付信息,也就是一种物料会包含多条交付信息。
也就是说,在特斯拉850采购订单报文中,一个采购订单会包含多种物料,每种物料会包含多次交付。例如:特斯拉发来一单采购订单,包含了物料A和物料B,其中,物料A要求2020年2月5日交付500件,2020年2月12日交付780件;物料B要求2020年2月16日交付200件,2020年2月21日交付320件。
物料中的订单数量应为该物料所有交付数量的总和。

了解更多EDI,请您电话 150-0298-3180 / 177-8250-8152 或邮件 edi@kasoftware.cn 联系我们,获取 30 天全功能 免费试用 版本EDI软件。
标签: , , , ,
文章分类 ansi x12, edi 电子数据交换, EDI实施案例, share 知识分享, 动态
22 条评论在 “[案例] Tesla X12 850 采购订单报文详解” 上
  1. Hey there! I’ve been following your website for some time now and finally got the
    courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Austin Tx!
    Just wanted to tell you keep up the great work!

  2. web hosting说道:

    If some one wishes expert view about blogging and site-building afterward i propose him/her to pay a visit this blog, Keep up the
    fastidious work.

  3. webhosting说道:

    Great post! We are linking to this great article on our site.

    Keep up the great writing.

  4. black mass说道:

    Have you ever thought about writing an e-book or guest authoring on other blogs?
    I have a blog centered on the same topics you discuss and would love to have you share some stories/information. I know my readers would value your work.
    If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to send me an email.

  5. black mass说道:

    Hello there, I discovered your blog by means
    of Google whilst searching for a comparable subject, your
    website got here up, it appears to be like
    good. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Hi there, simply was alert to your blog via Google, and located
    that it is truly informative. I am going to watch out for brussels.
    I’ll appreciate for those who continue this in future. A lot
    of people will be benefited out of your writing. Cheers!

  6. cheap flights说道:

    We stumbled over here from a different page and thought I may
    as well check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you.
    Look forward to going over your web page repeatedly.

  7. cheap flights说道:

    I’m not sure exactly why but this web site is loading incredibly slow for me.
    Is anyone else having this issue or is it a issue on my end?
    I’ll check back later and see if the problem still exists.

  8. cheap flights说道:

    Thanks to my father who stated to me about this blog, this web site is actually awesome.

  9. cheap flights说道:

    This piece of writing will assist the internet visitors for creating new blog or even a weblog from start to end.

  10. cheap flights说道:

    Everyone loves it whenever people come together and share
    views. Great website, continue the good work!
    cheap flights 3gqLYTc

  11. cheap flights说道:

    If some one needs to be updated with most recent technologies
    therefore he must be pay a quick visit this web page and be up to date all the time.

  12. You made some good points there. I looked on the net to find out
    more about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this site.

  13. cheap flights说道:

    May I simply just say what a comfort to uncover somebody
    that really understands what they are discussing on the internet.
    You certainly know how to bring a problem to light and make it
    important. More and more people ought to read this and
    understand this side of the story. I can’t believe you are not more popular given that you
    certainly possess the gift. cheap flights 31muvXS

  14. cheap flights说道:

    It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d
    most certainly donate to this fantastic blog!
    I suppose for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account.
    I look forward to new updates and will talk about this site with my Facebook
    group. Talk soon! 31muvXS cheap flights

  15. cheap flights说道:

    Pretty! This has been an extremely wonderful post.
    Thank you for supplying these details. cheap flights 32hvAj4

  16. cheap flights说道:

    Hi, its pleasant piece of writing regarding media print, we
    all know media is a fantastic source of facts.
    yynxznuh cheap flights

  17. cheap flights说道:

    Spot on with this write-up, I seriously believe this site needs
    much more attention. I’ll probably be returning to see more, thanks for the information!

  18. webhosting说道:

    Excellent site you’ve got here.. It’s hard to find high-quality writing like yours these days.
    I honestly appreciate individuals like you! Take care!!

  19. Have you ever considered writing an ebook or guest authoring on other sites?
    I have a blog based on the same subjects you discuss and
    would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my readers would value your work.
    If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to send me an e mail.

  20. Heya excellent blog! Does running a blog like this take a great deal of work?

    I’ve absolutely no understanding of computer programming but I had been hoping to start my own blog in the near future.
    Anyway, should you have any suggestions or tips for new blog owners please share.
    I understand this is off subject but I just had to ask.
    Thanks a lot!

  21. Can I simply just say what a relief to discover
    a person that really understands what they are talking
    about on the web. You certainly know how to bring a problem to light
    and make it important. A lot more people really need to check
    this out and understand this side of the story. I can’t believe you are not more popular because
    you most certainly possess the gift. adreamoftrains best hosting

  22. I’m curious to find out what blog platform you happen to be
    working with? I’m experiencing some minor security problems with my latest site and I’d like to find something more safe.

    Do you have any recommendations?

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。

您可以使用这些HTML标签和属性: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code class="" title="" data-url=""> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong> <pre class="" title="" data-url=""> <span class="" title="" data-url="">